The YadnyaKasada Ceremony in Mount Bromo
Mount Bromo from the BromoTengger-Semeru National Park at East Java is yet another one of Indonesia’s globally popular tourist destinations and one of the most visited attractions in East Java. This distinctive volcanic mountain owns a magnificent panoramic view and a mystical atmosphere, unlike any other. Having a cloud of smoke billowing out of its crater, and its rocky surface, rising high above the sandy landscape below, photographs of Mount Bromo has graced magazines, papers, travel sites, postcards and brochures across the nation and beyond.
Bromo’s sunrises and sunsets are exceptionally impressive, sexy visitors from all over the world, who scale its rocky paths to bask in their seemingly endless glow.
YadnyaKasada is observed by the Tenggerese, that are descendants of princes of the 13th-century Majapahit kingdom and living in the highlands of Mt. Bromo, though the majority of Javanese have converted to Islam, this particular thing still clings to their faith from the early days of Majapahit until today. Much like the Hindu Balinese, the Tenggerese worship Ida Sang HyangWidiWasa, the Almighty God, as Well as the Trimurti gods, Siva, Brahma, and Visnu, together with additional elements of Animism and Mahayana Buddhism.
One month before the YadnyaKasada Day, Tenggerese from numerous mountainous villages scattered across the area will gather in the LuhurPoten Temple at the foot of Mount Bromo. One distinct feature that sets the LuhurPoten Temple besides other Hindu temples in Indonesia is that it is constructed from natural black stones from the nearby volcanoes, while Balinese temples are usually made from red bricks. These temple festivals are prayers to ask for blessings from the Gods, and frequently last long into the night.
Whenever the YadnyaKasada day arrives, the audiences that have traveled together up the mountain, throw offerings into the crater of the volcano. These sacrifices include veggies, fruit, livestock, flowers as well as money, and are provided in gratitude for livestock and agricultural abundance. Despite the apparent threat, some locals risk climbing down to the crater to retrieve the forfeited goods, believing they will bring decent luck.
The source of this ritual stems from an ancient Legend of a princess called RoroAnteng along with her husband, JokoSeger. After many Years of marriage, the couple remained childless, and therefore meditated atop Mount Bromo, beseeching the mountain lions for assistance. The gods granted them, 24 children, under the condition the 25th child must be thrown to the volcano as a human sacrifice. The gods’ petition was observed, and so the tradition of offering sacrifices into the volcano to appease the deities continues until now, though rather than people, cows, goats, and vegetables are thrown into the crater for sacrifice.